How Much Does Surrogacy Cost?

Assisted Reproduction Technology Costs

The legal, contractual and other fees and costs associated with assisted reproductive technology vary depending on many factors, including the number of times a woman has been a surrogate, health insurance coverage, the location of the intended parents and/or gestational carrier or donor, number of fetuses carried, number of transfers and more.  The following guide outlines the average costs, or ranges of costs, for various aspects an intended parent using assisted reproductive technology might incur but is not a list of services provided by this firm.  This is not a comprehensive or exhaustive list and is provided as general information only. 

Why Surrogacy Can Be Expensive

When clients first research assisted reproductive technology, one of their first questions is often, “How much does surrogacy cost?

Becoming a family through surrogacy is an amazing process, but there are many moving parts and many people involved in your journey to parenthood. All of those people are working hard and putting their time, efforts and heart into making your dreams come true.

But that also means everyone from the medical professionals who assist with embryo transfers to the professionals who conduct preliminary screening for your surrogate will need to be compensated for their time.

As mentioned, there are also a great many uncontrollable variables involved in the surrogacy process, as with any pregnancy. For example, your total cost of surrogacy will increase if your surrogate becomes pregnant with multiples, or if more extensive medical procedures are required.

Again, the following surrogacy cost estimates are the average, and are a list of services that you might encounter during your surrogacy process, but are not a list of services provided by our firm:

Match Fee: $17,000 - $25,000 

A Match Fee is charged by an attorney or an agency for matching a Gestational Surrogate with Intended Parents. If you search for a surrogate independently or if you have already identified the woman who will be your surrogate, then you won’t incur a Match Fee.

Psychological Screening:  $2,500- $4,000

In addition to the physical tolls it takes, the surrogacy process can be very mentally and emotionally exhausting, so potential surrogates are psychologically screened in addition to being medically screened to ensure that they’re prepared for the important task of carrying and giving birth to another person’s child.

Legal Contract Preparation and Negotiation: $2,500- $5,000

This fee covers the legal cost paid to the attorney to represent the intended parents’ legal interests when drafting and negotiating the terms of the surrogacy contract.

Legal Fees for Gestational Carrier and Husband for Contract Review: $1,600 - $2,000

Like the fees paid to the attorney who represents the intended parents during the drafting and negation of the surrogacy contract, the cost for the surrogate’s legal representation during the surrogacy process will also need to be covered. The intended parents will be responsible for the surrogate’s legal costs.

Criminal Background Check, Gestational Surrogate and Husband:  $75- $150 each

Potential surrogates and their husbands are required to undergo standard criminal background checks in addition to the other requirements for surrogates, so intended parents will be responsible for these screening costs.

Court Filing Fees: $150 - $250

These fees are to cover the filing costs of contracts, administrative fees and more.

Gestational Carrier Fee (paid over the course of pregnancy):  $30,000 - $45,000

The surrogacy process is physically, mentally and emotionally demanding and takes a significant amount of the surrogate’s time, energy and sacrifice. The main gestational surrogacy cost, then, is the Carrier Fee, which compensates the gestational carrier for her time, effort and sacrifice as she cares for your baby over the course of the surrogacy process. The compensation that is paid to your surrogate will help her and her family, as she’s typically also being a mother to her own children, and she’ll need to spend time away from work and family.

Traditional surrogacy may also involve carrier fees, although the total traditional surrogacy cost will primarily be affected by your state’s compensation laws.

Maternity Clothing Allowance:  $750-$1,000

Maternity clothing can be costly, and as a surrogate’s body changes, she’ll need to stay comfortable. The average cost of surrogacy may include these types of expenditures. Some women hold onto the clothes that they wore during previous pregnancies, but intended parents are often expected to cover the costs of maternity clothes.

Multiples Fee (per additional fetus):  $2,500 - $7,000

If a surrogate becomes pregnant with multiples, which can sometimes happen with the hormones used in the IVF process, the overall price of surrogacy will rise. Surrogates will be compensated for the additional demands and restrictions of carrying a multiple pregnancy.

Atypical Procedures during Pregnancy and Delivery (per procedure):   $500 - $1,500

Like in any pregnancy, a surrogate’s pregnancy may require additional, unexpected medical procedures outside of the standard medical process for surrogate pregnancies. These procedures might include things like cervical cerclage, D&C and more. Surrogates often also receive additional compensation in the event of an unanticipated cesarean section.

Hysterectomy: $1,000 - $4,500

Every pregnancy involves some degree of risk, including complications that could result in the loss of fertility or reproductive organs. While rare, surrogates do receive compensation in the event of a hysterectomy or other reproductive organ loss.

Doctor-Ordered Bed Rest – Housekeeping, Child Care, Lost Wages:  Varies

If, for some reason such as a potential pregnancy complications or health risks, a doctor prescribes bed rest for a surrogate, the surrogate might need help covering the costs for tasks that she would otherwise be able to perform. She may be compensated for the time she’s spent away from work, for the cost of having someone care for her children while she’s unable to herself and more.

Additional Transfer Cycles: $500 - $1,000 (per transfer)

Embryo transfers aren’t always going to be successful on the first attempt. So factoring in the cost of each transfer until implantation is successful, the cost of gestational surrogacy will rise.

Fee to Escrow Agent (who will hold and distribute surrogate fee): $500 - $1,000

The Carrier Fee is not directly paid to the surrogate. Instead, it’s held in escrow and distributed to her on a set compensation schedule. The escrow agent will also need to be compensated for their services.

Travel Expenses and Costs for Out-of-Town Gestational Surrogates: Actual Travel Costs Varies

Many intended parents and surrogates live in separate cities or even separate states. This can be beneficial for intended parents who live in states with more restrictive surrogacy laws, as they can match with someone who lives in a state with more favorable laws on surrogacy. Distance between intended parents and surrogates will very rarely affect the surrogacy process, although some travel will be required, primarily for embryo transfer and for the delivery.

The travel costs paid to a surrogate will typically include gas or airfare, compensation for time spent away from work, lodging (surrogates are asked to rest after embryo transfers) and more.

Gestational Surrogate's Partner – Travel Costs to Screening Appointment and Transfer Procedure:  Varies

A surrogate’s husband or partner, if applicable, is an important part of the process. He will help care for their children while his wife continues her surrogacy journey, and he’ll provide her with much-needed emotional and physical support throughout the process. He’ll also need to join her at appointments like the pre-surrogacy screening, which husbands also must complete, and the embryo transfer procedure, where a surrogate will need him to drive her from the appointment while she rests.

Gestational Surrogate's Partner - Lost Wages for Screening Appointment:  Legal Appointment and Transfer Procedure: Actual

As both spouses are involved in some steps of the surrogacy process, they’ll both need to spend time away from work and their family. This means that during this time, neither parent is earning income for their family, so they’ll need to be compensated for those potentially lost wages.


Learn more about the average cost of surrogacy by contacting us now.

“I believe in working with each of my clients—in support of their family dynamic—to make the dreams of parenthood a reality. Whether you are single or married; or gay; a step-parent, a surrogate or intended parent or a child of adoption, it is my mission to serve as your advocate. With a dedication to the ethical and sensitive nature of each situation, I will help you understand the laws within Maryland or Washington, DC for adoption or surrogacy, and pledge to be your partner throughout the journey.” - Jennifer Fairfax